Research integrity and conflict of interests
Research integrity matters. In this process, authors and scientific journal editors are key actors that ensure the trustworthiness of the scientific publication process. In this section, we are studying these aspects and any other aspects related to conflict of interests.
PUBLICATION BY ASSOCIATION: THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC REVEALS RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN AUTHORS AND EDITORS
During the COVID-19 pandemic, the rush to scientific and political judgments on the merits of hydroxychloroquine was fuelled by dubious papers which may have been published because the authors were not independent from the practices of the journals in which they appeared. This example leads us to consider a new type of illegitimate publishing entity, “self-promotion journals” which could be deployed to serve the instrumentalisation of productivity-based metrics, with a ripple effect on decisions about promotion, tenure, and grant funding.
‘NEPOTISTIC JOURNALS’: A SURVEY OF BIOMEDICAL JOURNALS
Convergent analyses in different disciplines support the use of the Percentage of Papers by the Most Prolific author (PPMP) as a red flag to identify journals that can be suspected of questionable editorial practices. We examined whether this index, complemented by the Gini index, could be useful for identifying cases of potential editorial bias, using a large sample of biomedical journals.
ASSOCIATION BETWEEN GIFTS FROM PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES TO FRENCH GENERAL PRACTITIONERS AND THEIR DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERNS
CORRELATION BETWEEN GIFTS FROM PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANIES TO FRENCH MEDICAL ACADEMICS AND THEIR SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTIVITY PATTERNS: A RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS USING THE FRENCH TRANSPARENCY IN HEALTHCARE DATABASE